Chittagong is the capital of Chittagong Division in south-eastern Bangladesh. Chittagong is the second-largest city and main seaport of Bangladesh. Situated on the banks of the Karnaphuli River, it is the principle city of Chittagong Division and a major center of commerce and industry in South Asia. The city, under the jurisdiction of the city corporation, has a population of about 2.5 million and is constantly growing.
Nestled between the Chittagong Hill Tracts and the Bay of Bengal, Chittagong is considered as Bangladesh's commercial capital and home to the country's major industries. Being the country's major seaport, much of Bangladesh's export and import passes through the Port of Chittagong. The port has extensive modern facilities and is expected to be transformed into a world class deep sea port in the coming years in order to cater to the growing economies of the region including that of Bangladesh, eastern India, Nepal, Bhutan, western China and northern Burma. The city has a vibrant economy and a diverse population of Bengalis, Chakma, Burmese, Tripuri, Chinese, Korean and Marma.
Many famous travelers including Ibn Battuta passed through Chittagong. The city had once been a Portuguese colony before Mughal rule. During the British Raj, it became a hot bed for revolutionary activities. During the Second World War, Chittagong served as a major lifeline for Allied forces fighting in Burma. After the Partition of India, the city became a part of East Pakistan. During the Bangladesh Liberation War, Chittagong witnessed some of the heaviest fighting with the Mukti Bahini attacking Pakistani navy ships and the Indian navy firing missiles at Pakistani naval installations. It was in Chittagong where Awami League leader M A Hannan and liberation war hero and future Bangladeshi president Ziaur Rahman famously announced the declaration of indpendence on behalf of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. Chittagong was also where the assasination of President Ziaur Rahman had taken place during a failed mutiny.
The busiest part of town is the area around the train station and Station Road, while things get a little more bearable as you move further north. GEC Circle is the intersection of Zakir Hossain Rd, O. R. Nizam Rd and CDA Avenue, about 3 km north of the train station, and is the center of middle to upper class life with a variety of shady restaurants and shopping.
The city is surrounded by a wonderful geographical combination of Sea shore, river, hill and green plain, which makes it the most natuarally beautiful city of Bangladesh. As a natural port, it has long been a meeting place of world's many major trading nations like Arabs from 9th centuries, portugese in the 16th centuries. Before Mughals captured it in 1666, it was ruled by different Burmese and Arakanese monarchies, and for few times under the portugese control. Many old portugese structures are seen in different parts of the city which reminds it's multi-cultural and multi-ethnic heritage. Under British rule, The eastern railway Headquarters was set up in Chittagong. Many Victorian style structures in the city still reminds of the British presence in this city. It is becoming as the nations second mega city with all sorts of international standard eminitiess. The city is located on Karnaphuli River on the Bay of Bengal.
Among the city's sights are several tombs and religious shrines including the Tomb of Sultan Bayazid Bostami (note the hundreds of tortoises in the tank representing evil souls). The Shah Jame Mosque built on a hillside offers excellent views. The 14th-century Qadam (Kadam) Mubarak Mosque contains what's said to be a footprint of the Prophet. Other attractions include the ethnological museum in Agrabad the World War II Military Cemetery (graves of British Australian and other soldiers) the 300-year-old Portuguese Arsenal (interesting architecture) and the harbor area (called the “Sadarghat ” it's the city's oldest area). It has several eye catching sea beaches as well as Worlds longest sea beaches to attract tourist. The most beautifull city chittagong is known as the gateway to Asia.
Tomb of Sultan Bayazid Bostami - Situated on a hillock at Nasirabad, about 6km. to the north-west of Chittagong town, this shrine attracts a large number of visitors and pilgrims. At its base is a large tank with several hundred tortoises. Tradition has it that these animals are the descendants of the evil spirits (genii) who were cast into this shape because they incurred the wrath of the great saint who visited the place about 1100 years ago.
World War 11 Cemetery - In this well-preserved cemetery at quiet and picturesque place lie buried over 700 soldiers from Commonwealth countries and Japan. The War Cemetery is located in a hillside sloping place, in the south-western corner of Chittagong Medical College Hospital, beside the Badshah Mia Road of the city. The total area of this cemetery is eight acres, which is protected and supervised by the Commonwealth Graves Commission.
Shrine of Shah Amanat - The Shrine of Shah Amanat is another place of religious attraction,located in the heart of the town, the shrine is visited by hundreds of people everyday who pay homage to the memory of the saint.At Chittagong he lived in a cottage and accepted service as a pankha wala (hanging fan puller) in the Judge's Court. From the circumstantial evidence it appears that he was a great man of the late 18th century. The family that lives in the compound of Hazrat Shah Amanat Khan's (R) mausoleum and looks after it are Hazrat Shah Sufi Amanat Khan's descendants. They have got in their possession a Persian waqfnama (deed of endowment) of Anwar Khan, the son of Hazrat Shah Sufi Amanat Khan (R).
Court Building Museum - Situated on the Fairy Hill, this building commands a magnificent bird's eye view of Chittagong city, particularly at night. The Court building was built immediately after the East India Company conquered and declared Chittagong as a separate administrative area in 1773. The building is huge, over 250 thousand square feet and has hundreds of rooms.
Ethnological Museum - This museum located in Agrabad is a treasure-house of a variety of tribal culture and heritage of Bangladesh.Shows a mix of tribal artifacts. The Ethnological Museum of Chittagong was established in the first half of nineteen sixties. The museum contains four galleries and a small hall. It is a little dark. Some sections contain mock ups of 'village life' for the different tribal areas with life size dolls. These are reminiscent of the museum in the film 'Planet of the Apes'.
Shrine of Bayazid Bostami - This holy shrine attracts a large number of visitors and pilgrims. At its base there is a large pond with several hundred tortoises floating in the water. According to tradition, these turtles are descendants of evil spirits (djinn) who were cast into this shape because they incurred the wrath of the great saint who visited the place about 1100 years ago.
Foy's Lake - Set amidst panoramic surroundings, this ideal spot for outings and picnics is thronged by thousands of visitors.This Lake has been created in the natural environment in 1924 by the initiative of the then Asam-Bengal Railway. This lake has been created by building a dam based on a plan by an English nngineer Mr. Foy.
The Hotels in Chittagong are the ideal option for travelers looking for an extraordinary location to remain and invest unique time with family in a quiet and peaceful city of Chittagong. Chittagong serves wonderful tourist destination. The city of Chittagong surrounded by green hills and forests, great sandy beaches and fine cool climate always allures the holiday-markers. The city apart from offering fantastic places to discover also delivers ample accommodation options. In terms of hotels one may prefer from government approved accommodation and numerous privately owned Hotels in Chittagong.
The Hotels in Chittagong are located in strategically chosen areas of the city so that they are able to form a significant destination for tourists. The city could be explored best by staying in the Chittagong Hotels. Accommodation in Chittagong is extremely convenient to obtain. Hotels of Chittagong fall under star categories and also under spending budget hotels. The budget Hotels in Chittagong offer great deal. The Hotel Agrabad, Chittagong is one of the renowned hotels within the city that provides fantastic services to both national and international travelers.
The Hotel Agrabad, Chittagong functions great accommodation units that include web access facility, direct dial telephone, fully stocked mini-bar, color television satellite facility, attached bathroom, air conditioning system, 24-hour room service and laptop connection facility. The organization and conference facilities are also quite convenient. The business Centre accomplishes all organization needs of the guests. The Hotels in Chittagong delivers convenient location with wonderful facilities and services. The hotels attempt to fulfill the needs of the guests by offering superior service of staffs.
The other alternative sof accommodation in the city are Asian SR Hotel, Chittagong and Parjatan Motel, Chittagong. These hotels also provide luxurious accommodations with superb ambience and warm hospitality that can definitely make the remain a memorable one. You may get here everything from comfortable rooms to convenient business facilities nad wonderful dining possibilities to incredible facilities.