Kandahar is one of the largest of Afghanistan's thirty-four provinces and is located inside the southern region of the country. Kandahar is really a border province connecting the southern region to Pakistan's Balouchistan province by way of Chaman and utilized to be the capital of Afghanistan until the late 17th century. It is considered to be an economic and political hub of Afghanistan and has often played a major role in the history of Afghanistan.
Kandahar is surrounded by mountains. The capital is Kandahar, located within the south of the country at about 1,005 m above sea level. The Arghandab River runs along the west of the city. The Ring of Rivers lies alongside the city and lush green gardens enhance the natural beauty of the city.
Kandahar can be a significant trading center for sheep, wool, cotton, silk, felt, food grains, dried fruit, fresh fruit including pomegranates and grapes, and tobacco.The city has canning plants and facilities for drying, and packing fruit.
In mid 1700s all pushtons within the region following suffering under puppet persian dynasty allied to destroy and demolish the monarchy and bring freedom to the region and so it happend right after the Duranis from the west and Ghilzais from north and east attacked Kandahar they overthrew the puppet government. The entire persian Army fled the refion andwent to Herat which is currently Afghanistan's third largst city. The Persian army's defeat gave Pushtons a lot more courage and then much more and far more people began joing Pushton Domination. They attacked and captured a huge land, They even captured the legendary Ghazni city.
Now was the time when Persian were concerned and the persian king at that time Traitor Afshar tried to attack Kandahar but was failed miserably he lost alot of Army. Afshar died in action and Persian army fled from a lot of cities including Kabul, Herat and other people and left them only to be capture by the brave Pushton commander or leader Ahmen Shah Durani. So this was how Pushton Dominatedalot of land. Pushtons attacked and captured parts of India, Iran and Soviet Union. Pushtons of Kandahar were also the men and women who brought Kohi noor the biggestpiece of Diamond inside the World to Kandahar. Pushtons from Kandahar have been rulling Afghanistan for 200 years and also are rulling Afghanistan nowadays.
Kandahar as well as the south of Afghanistan are considered very dangerous places to pay a visit to. Although tourism is not necessarily relevant in this region, some sites worth a visit for visitors Chihlzina, or the Forty Steps, a cave carved into the rock hosting the Persian inscriptions, the mosque of the Prophet's Hair , 19th century, where the famous hair is kept in a gold scabbard protected by blankets holy mausoleum of Ahmad Shah Durrani, colorful style building Mogul turquoise dome, and the shrine of the prophet's mantle, which you can admire the beautiful green marble decor and is one of the places most sacred prayers of the country.
Kandahar Museum - Kandahar Museum is situated at the western end of the Eidgah Durwaza. It has some excellent displays like that of Ghiyassuddin's paintings, the famous artist from Afghanistan.Once considered the treasurehouse of Central Asian history, Kabul Museum now seems a shadow of its former self. Kabul museum was when a well-knwon archaeological internet site in Afghanistan, highly acclaimed for its fine antique collections. The museum stored priceless manuscripts, miniature paintings related to Gandhara school of art, weapons and art objects. The museum hosted an array of antiquities from Kushan, early Buddhism and early Islamic periods.
Mausoleum of Ahmad Shah Durrani - The Tomb of Ahmad Shah Durrani, who's also referred to as the father of Afghanistan, is possibly the most critical historical monument in Kandahar. Situated next to it is the holy enshrinement of Prophet Muhammad referred to as Muhammad's Cloak. Ahmad Shah was the son of the chief of the Abdali tribe. In 1747, he changed his own name to Ahmad Shah Durrani ('Durr-i-Durran' means the 'pearl of pearls' in Dari) when he became the king of Afghanistan and founded the Durrani Empire.
Mosque of the Sacred Cloak - A cloak worn by the Prophet Mohammed is housed within the Mosque of the Sacred Cloak, by far the city's most valued treasure. The mosque is situated opposite the governor's palace. Ahmed Shah Durrani acquired the cloak together with a hair of the beard of the Prophet from the Amir of Bukhara in 1768. When the Taliban took Kandahar in 1994, Mullah Omar wrapped himself inside the cloak in front of thousands of loyal Talibs, giving himself god-like status as Amir Al-Momineen (Commander of the Faithful). As a visitor you may be unable to see the cloak but the constructing is impressive in itself ¡§C ornately decorated with green Helmandi marble, mirrored tile work and gilded archways.
Eid Gah Mosque - Among the largest mosques in Afghanistan, Kandahar's Eid Gah Mosque stands at almost 25m adjacent to the dilapidated Kandahar University. The mosque and also the surrounding grounds can accommodate thousands of worshippers with its construction having taken years at a cost of millions - all funded by Mullah Omar. Apart from Eid times nearby youths use the grounds as cricket pitches, as several of them learned the game whilst growing up in refugee camps in Pakistan. The mullah will show you around and as a courtesy a tiny donation is customary.
Mosque of the Hair of the Prophet - Even though a little harder to discover than the cloak, make certain you make the trip to Mosque of the Hair of the Prophet near Chowk-e Charso inside the Old City to see where this exclusive Islamic relic lies. The hair from the Prophet's beard is encased by a golden sheath in a casket. Like the cloak you'll be unable to see the hair; even so the Mosque itself is really a peaceful haven from the chaos of the Old City bazaars.
The Chilzina - Located four km away from Kandahar, Chilzina is known for its rock out chamber. It is located high above the plains in the mountain chains of Afghanistan. Since ancient time Chilzina has served as the defence wall for Kandahar. Chilzina was built between 1522 A.D. To 1531 A.D. Person behind the idea and construction of the chamber was Moghul emperor Babur. It is also known as Forty Steps.
Shrine of Baba Wali - Baba Wali's shrine is located near at the lush green bank of Arghandab River. The shrine is a famous landmark of Kandahar. Shrine of Baba Wali is located on the hill side near Arghandab district. The terraces of the shrine are shaded by the pomegranate shrubberies. Fil Koh or Elepahant Mountain can also be noticed while you are on your visit to the shrine. The shrine owes its importance as a religious site as well as known as an ideal picnic spot with family and friends.
Kabul Darwaza - Several good antique stores could be found in Kabul Darwaza, selling all sorts of trash and treasure from the British and Soviet occupations. The tool stores here sell the favoured souvenir of western journalists within the South - opium poppy cutters and scrapers.
Charso Chowk - In Charso Chowk rugs might be found at significantly less expensive costs than in Kabul. Conventional Pashtun turbans as well as the quintessential Kandahari prayer hat, the balotchi, encrusted having a rainbow of plastic gems, can also be found here.
Shaheedan Chowk - The major shopping areas are located around the 3 Old City Chowks. Shaheedan Chowk is excellent for mobile phone cards, moneychangers, toiletries and food.
You can find plenty of food options in Kandahar, however most of them only serves Afghan cusine.
There are a lot of food selections in Kandahar, however most of them only serves Afghan cusine.
Mirwais Shandaiz Restaurant - Not surprisingly this will be the only restaurant in Kandahar to sport a spinning disco light; don't let the waiters in matching grotty England soccer shirts put you off, as they serve excellent Afghan food all day. Offerings incorporate kebab, pulao (rice dish), mutton karai (diced mutton fried with chilli, tomato and spices and served with bread), mantu (steamed meat dumplings) and beef kufta (meatballs with diverse sauces served with rice). The food is fresh, portions are generous and the nearby seasonal juices and milkshakes are delicious. To finish off, try the home-made ice cream followed by a cup of chai along with a sheesha pipe on the elevated takht area.
The Coffee Shop - The Coffee Shop serves up a wide selection of Western cafe-style food, Pashtun and English literature and pretty good espresso coffee. It has been dubbed 'the Starbucks of Kandahar' in a lot of Western broadsheets and magazines and has just installed four pool tables. It really is the very first of its type in the city as well as a great place to take a break from kebabs and pulao. Here you will uncover groups of hip, male 20-something Pashtuns sipping lattes and speaking about the newest pirated Hollywood DVDs.
Yasin BBQ Restaurant - By far the most effective Pashtun BBQ restaurant in town, the Yasin serves up tasty lamb kebab, beef shaslik and BBQ whole chicken in a twinkling, plus it is going to do meals on request. Cleanliness does not seem to be an excessive amount of of a priority, with the occasional cigarette butt kicking around on the greasy floors, but diners shouldn't be overly concerned as the fare is fresh and comes straight off the scorching-hot charcoal grill.
Madina Restaurant - The recently opened Madina Restaurant serves the usual mix of Afghan staples and proudly displays its Western choices of burgers and club sandwiches at the top of the menu. Their massive juice bar churns out concoctions of the fruit of the season.
Continental Guesthouse - This guesthouse is very popular with journalists, as there is a computer with internet access in every room, and laundry and breakfast are included. It's comfortable and secure, although some of the rooms are pretty tired for the money and few come with private bathroom.
Noor Jahan Hotel - The best budget option in Kandahar. It has a small restaurant for guests only, hot water most of the time and all the Bollywood you can watch on Indian Satellite TV. Most of the rooms are pretty dilapidated, but compared with the budget alternatives they're not bad value. The hotel is surrounded by wedding shops that decorate cars for the big day with streamers and gaudy plastic flowers.
Yasin International Guesthouse - This guesthouse is attached to the Yasin BBQ Restaurant and has six rooms with bathrooms. They have plans for expansion in the near future. Like the Continental it is comfortable and secure though somewhat overpriced.
Armani Hotel - Armani Hotel, (Two miles from city center, six miles from airport), tel +93 784479976 (firstname.lastname@example.org). checkin: 12 PM. B&B accommodation, provides own transport for a charge From US$22 per night.
Kandahar has bus services to major towns or village headquarters. Its capital, Kandahar, has a public bus system that take commuters on daily routes to many destinations throughout the city. Besides the buses, there are yellow and white taxicabs that provides transportation service inside the city as well as throughout the province. Other traditional methods of ground transportation are also used. Private vehicles are on the rise in Kandahar, with large showrooms selling new or second-hand vehicles imported from the United Arab Emirates. More people are buying new cars as the roads and highways are being improved.
Kandahar is connected to Kabul by the Kabul-Kandahar Highway and to Herat by the Kandahar-Herat Highway. There is a bus station located at the start of the Kabul-Kandahar Highway, where a number of private buses are available to take people to most major cities of the country. Kandahar is also connected by road to Quetta in neighboring Pakistan. Due to the ongoing war the route to Kabul has become increasingly dangerous as insurgent attacks on convoys and destruction of bridges make it an unreliable link between the two cities.
Kandahar has an arid, continental climate characterized by little precipitation and high variation between summer and winter temperatures. Summers start in mid-May, last until late-September, and are extremely dry. They peak in July with average temperatures of around 38oC (100oF). They are followed by a dry autumn from early-October to late-November with average temperatures sliding from 18oC (64oF) to 9C (48oF).
Winter starts in December and sees most of the precipitation in the form of rain. Temperatures average around 5-8oC (42 - 46oF), although lows can drop well below freezing. They end in early-March and are followed by a pleasant spring till late-April with temperatures in the 15oC (60oF) range.